Novosibirsk State University Journal of Information Technologies
Scientic Journal

ISSN 2410-0420 (Online), ISSN 1818-7900 (Print)

Switch to

All Issues >> Contents: Volume 08, Issue No 3 (2010)

The problem of automatic construction of diagrams of atomic spectra and the experience of its solutions in the information system «electronic structure of atoms»
Vitaly Gennadyevich Kazakov, Aleksei Stepanovich Yatcenko, Vladislav Vitalyevich Kazakov, Murat Berikovich Zhakupov

Novosibirsk State University
Institute of Automation and Electrometry SB RAS

UDC code: 539.184

Information system of spectral atomic data called «Electronic atomic structure» is described. System’s database stores about 150 000 records of energy levels and radiation transitions for all elements of the periodic table. It is one of the biggest systems in the world. The main particularity of this database is completeness in presentation (compared with analogues) of transuranic and rare-earth elements with a high Z-number as well as classification of all inputted transitions. Besides of usual spectral data representation in the table form the system implements the unique opportunity of atomic visualization in the Grotrian diagrams form. The system diagrams automatically basing on the database information about all neutral atoms from the periodic table. For the first time the automatic diagramming is completed by the effective selection of transitions for their positioning on the diagram. This makes diagrams readability higher and brings them closer to the diagrams that were made manually. The information system is published for open access in the Internet.

Key Words
Grotrian diagrams, visualization, atomic spectroscopy, databases, Information systems

How to cite:
Kazakov V. G., Yatcenko A. S., Kazakov V. V., Zhakupov M. B. The problem of automatic construction of diagrams of atomic spectra and the experience of its solutions in the information system «electronic structure of atoms» // Vestnik NSU Series: Information Technologies. - 2010. - Volume 08, Issue No 3. - P. 66-78. - ISSN 1818-7900. (in Russian).

Full Text in Russian

Available in PDF

1. Ralchenko Yu., Kramida A. E., Reader J. and NIST ASD Team. NIST Atomic Spectra Database (version 3.1.5). National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 2008. URL:
2. National Institute for Fusion Science URL:
4. VALD WWW interface. URL:
5. OP TOPbase. URL:
6. Fizichesky institut im. P. N. Lebedeva RAN. Gruppa «Spektroskopiya atomov i io nov». URL:
7. BIBL: spectral bibliography database. URL:
9. Informatcionnaya sistema «Elektronnaya struktura atomov». URL:
10. Bor N. Tri stati o spektrakh i stroyenii atomov. M.; L., 1923.
11. Rozhdestvensky D. S. Sobr. tr. M.; L., 1949.
12. Grotrian W. Graphische Darstellung der Spektren von Atomen und Ionen mit ein, zwei und drei Valenzelektronen. Berlin: J. Springer, 1928. Bd. 2.
13. Moore Ch., MeriLS.-P. Partial Grotrian Diagrams of Astrophysical Interest – US, NBS, NSRD-NBS23. Washington, 1968.
14. NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. URL:
15. Sait kompanii Atomic Engineering Corp. URL:
16. Cavendish Instruments – Software and Instrumentation for Advanced Technologies. URL [2010, 28 iyulya]
17. Kazakov V. G., Tyumentcev A. S., Yatcenko A. S. Informatcionnaya sistema «Elektronnaya struktura atomov» s dinamicheskim postroyeniyem graficheskogo predstavleniya spektralnykh dannykh // Avtometriya. 2005. T. 41, № 6. S. 115–123.
18. Kazakov V. G., Rautian S. G., Yatcenko A. S. Kompyuternoye predstavleniye elektronnykh obolochek atomov // Optika i spektroskopiya. 2008. T. 106, № 1. S. 53–58.
19. Zenkin A. A., Pospelov D. A. Kognitivnaya kompyuternaya grafika. M.: Nauka, 1991.
20. Yatcenko A. S. Diagrammy Grotriana neitralnykh atomov. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1996.
21. Shpolsky E. V. Atomnaya fizika: V 2 t. M.: Nauka, 1974.
22. Vikhman E. Kvantovaya mekhanika. Berkleyevsky kurs fiziki. M.: Nauka, 1974. T. 4.
23. Svidetelstvo o gosudarstvennoi registratcii bazy dannykh «Elektronnaya struktura atomnykh sistem» s graficheskim predstavleniyem v vide diagramm Grotriana. № 2009620361. Federalnaya sluzhba po intellektualnoi sobstvennosti, patentam i tovarnym znakam RF.
26 iyunya 2009 g. Avtory: V. G. Kazakov, A. S. Yatcenko.

Publication information
Main title Vestnik NSU Series: Information Technologies, Volume 08, Issue No 3 (2010).
Parallel title: Novosibirsk State University Journal of Information Technologies Volume 08, Issue No 3 (2010).

Key title: Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriâ: Informacionnye tehnologii
Abbreviated key title: Vestn. Novosib. Gos. Univ., Ser.: Inf. Tehnol.
Variant title: Vestnik NGU. Seriâ: Informacionnye tehnologii

Year of Publication: 2010
ISSN: 1818-7900 (Print), ISSN 2410-0420 (Online)
Publisher: Novosibirsk State University Press
DSpace handle

|Home Page| |All Issues| |Information for Authors| |Journal Boards| |Ethical principles| |Editorial Policy| |Contact Information| |Publication fee| |Open Access Policy| |Old Site in Russian|
© 2006-2018, Novosibirsk State University.